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Iloilo’s San Joaquin Catholic Church and the 1860 Battle of Tetuan

  Standing on the southern end of Iloilo Province, a church dominates a rustic town’s skyline, with rugged peaks on its background. While old colonial era churches are a common fixture in Philippine towns, especially in Luzon and the Visayan Islands, the Catholic Church of San Joaquin portrays the culture and history of its townsfolk. Its façade is one of its kind in the Philippines—a significant victory of the Spaniards in the middle of the 19th century in northern Africa. Why and what is the Rendicion de Tetuan in 1860?  The skyline of Tetuan and the soldiers marching towards the city, as depicted in Rendicion D Tetuan in San Joaquin Church, Iloilo (Photo: Berniemack Arellano, 2022)   La batalla de Tetuán, 1860  The expansion of European influence and colonization in northern Africa has brought tensions with the Moroccans in the 19th century. Concessions were made with their defeat from the French and the English in the early part of the century. (Miller, 2013, p. 23) In addition, th

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